Main Article Content
This study aims to reveal whether or not the ability to say "no" which is tried to be taught to students by 2005 life studies curriculum has been gained by children in terms of various situations. The survey model was used in the study. The study was conducted with 4th grade students who took the course of life studies in primary school 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade and therefore expected to have gained the ability to say "no". In order to collect data, The Ability to Say “No”-Specific Cases Inventory (NSCI) developed by researchers was used. In order to be able to evaluate the responses given to the cases in the NSCI, the "NSCI Rubric" was developed. The data obtained from the NSCI were analyzed according to the many-facet Rasch analysis using the FACETS packet program. The findings suggest that students may be able to demonstrate the basic ability to say "no" expected of them to respond to specific cases, but will not focus too much on behaviors of making an explanation about saying “no” and performing alternative behaviors after saying "no".
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Aslan, D., & Özcebe, H. (2008). Eğitim kurumlarında sigarasızlık politikaları [No smoking policies in educational institutions]. Ankara: Klasmat.
Astor, R. A. (1994). Children's moral reasoning about family and peer violence: The role of provocation and retribution. Child Development, 65(4), 1054-1067. doi:10.2307/1131304
Aytaç, Ö. (2005). Modern bureaucracies and alineation ethos. Fırat University Journal of Social Science, 15(2), 319-348.
Baker, F. B. (2016). Madde tepki kuramının temelleri [The basics of ıtem response theory] (M. İlhan, Trans.). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Bal, P. N., & Kahraman, S. (2015). The effect of cyber bullying sensibility ımprovement group training program on gifted students. Journal of Gifted Education Research, 3(1), 48-57.
Bektaş, M. (2009). Investigation of effect of developed smoking prevention program toward primary school student. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Dokuz Eylül, İzmir.
Belgrave, F. Z., Reed, M. C., Plybon, L. E., & Corneille, M. (2004). The impact of a culturally enhanced drug prevention program on drug and alcohol refusal efficacy among urban African American girls. J. Drug Education, 34(3), 267-279. doi:10.2190/H40Y-D098-GCFA-EL74
Berkowitz, M. W. (2002). The science of character education. W. Damon (Ed.), Bringing in a new era in character education içinde (s. 43-63). Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution.
Berson, M. J., Berson, I. R. ve Ralston, M. E. (1999). Threshing out the myths and facts of internet safety. Social Education, 63(3), 160-161.
Bilginer, Ç., Hesapçıoğlu, S. T., & Kandil, S. (2013). Sexual abuse in childhood: A multi-dimentional look from the view point of victims and perpetrators. The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 26(1), 55-64. doi:10.5350/DAJPN2013260106
Bolton, R. (1979). How to assert yourself, listen to others, and resolve conflicts. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Bond, T. G., & Fox, C. M. (2001). Applying the Rasch model: Fundamental measurement in the human sciences. London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Boztaş, M. H., & Arısoy, Ö. (2010). Inhalant dependence and its medical consequences. Current Approaches in Psychiatry, 2(4), 516-531.
Brentari, E., & Golia, S. (2008). Measuring job satisfaction in the social services sector with the Rasch model. Journal of Applied Measurement, 9(1), 45-56.
Brinthaupt, T. M., & Kang, M. (2014). Many-faceted rasch calibration: An example using the self-talk scale. Assessment, 21(2) 241−249. doi:10.1177/1073191112446653
Calabrese, R. L. (1989). Effective principals must be ethical: Ethics for principals. The Education Digest, 54(7), 16-19.
Ceyhun, B., Oğuztürk, Ö., & Ceyhun, A. G. (2001). The reliabilitiy and validity of substance abuse proclivity scale. Turkish Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 4, 87-93.
Ceylan, A., Tuncer, O., Melek, M., Akgün, C., Gülmehmet, F., & Erden, Ö. (2009). Van bölgesindeki çocuklarda cinsel istismar. Van Tıp Dergisi, 16(4), 131-134.
Claessens, B. J., Eerde, W. v., Rutte, C. G., & Roe, R. A. (2007). A review of the time management literature. Personnel Review, 36(2), 255-276. doi:10.1108/ 00483480710726136
Davis, L. L. (1992). Instrument review: Getting the most from a panel of experts. Applied Nursing Research, 5(4), 194-197. doi:10.1016/S0897-1897(05)80008-4
Dehue, F., Bolman, C., & Völlink, T. (2008). Cyberbullying: Youngsters’ Experiences and Parental Perception. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(2), 217-223. doi:10.1089/cpb.2007.0008
DeMars, C. (2010). Item response theory. New York: Oxford.
Elliott, M., Browne, K., & Kilcoyne, J. (1995). Child sexual abuse prevention: What offenders tell us. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19(5), 579-594. doi:10.1016/0145-2134(95)00017-3
Forsyth, P. (2009). 100 great time management ideas from successful executives and managers around the world. Sİngapore: Marshall Cavendish.
Glenn, R. E. (2003). Study skills to help kids use time wisely. The Education Digest, 69(3), 51-53.
Graham, M., Milanowski, A., & Miller, J. (2012). Measuring and promoting inter-rater agreement of teacher and principal performance ratings. Center for Educator Compensation Reform. Retrieved September 30, 2016, from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED532068.pdf
Güçlü, N. (2001). Time management. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, (25), 87-106.
Güler, N., İlhan, M., Güneyli, A., & Demir, S. (2017). An evaluation of the psychometric properties of three different forms of Daly and Miller’s writing apprehension test through rasch analysis. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri, 17(3), 721-744. doi: 10.12738/estp.2017.3.0051
Gündoğan, A. O. (2009). Bir isyan ahlakı mümkün müdür? Retrieved March 15, 2015, from http://www.aliosmangundogan.com/PDF/Bildiri/Ali-Osman-Gundogan-Bir-Isyan-Ahlaki-Mumkun-Mudur.pdf
İlhan, M. (2015). The identification of rater effects on open-ended math questions rated through standard rubrics and rubrics based on the SOLO taxonomy in reference to the many facet Rasch model. Unpublished doctoral dissertation University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep.
Kamışlı, S., Karatay, G., Terzioğlu, F. & Kublay, G. (2008). Sigara ve ruh sağlığı [Cigarette and mental health]. Ankara: Klasmat.
Kemp, J. (2006). Hayır: Basit bir cümle hayatınızı ne kadar değiştirir? [No: How one simple word can transform your life] (H. Güner, Trans.). İstanbul: GOA.
Korkmaz Ekren, P., Başarık, B., & Özhan, M. H. (2011). Changes in recognition of cigarette brand names and logos among primary school children in two years. Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology, 13(2), 86-90.
Kutlu, Ö., Doğan, C. D., & Karakaya, İ. (2010). Öğrenci başarısının değerlendirilmesi: Performansa ve portfolyoya dayalı durum değerlendirme [The evaluation of student success: The assessment based on performance and portfolio]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
La Ferle, C., Edwards, S. M., & Lee, W. N. (2000). Teens’ use of traditional media and internet. Journal of Advertising Research, 40(3), 1-10. doi:10.2501/JAR-40-3-55-65
Leclerc, B., Wortley, R., & Smallbone, S. (2011). Victim resistance in child sexual abuse: A look into the efficacy of self-protection strategies based on the offender's experience. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(9), 1868-1883. doi:10.1177/ 0886260510372941
Leming, J. S. (1997). Whither Goes Character Education? Objectives, Pedagogy, and Research in Education Programs. Journal of Education, 179(2), 11-34.
Liau, A. K., Khoo, A., & Ang, P. H. (2005). Factors influencing adolescents engagement in risky internet behavior, Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 8(6), 513-520. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2005.8.513
Lickona, T. (1996). Eleven principles of effective character education. Journal of Moral Education, 25(1). 93-100. doi:10.1080/0305724960250110
Linacre, J. M. (2012). Many-facet Rasch measurement: Facets tutorial. http://www. winsteps.com/a/ftutorial2.pdf sayfasından 24 Nisan 2017 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
Linacre, J. M. (2014). A user’s guide to FACETS: Rasch-model computer programs. http:// citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.177.9225 sayfasından 24 Nisan 2017 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
Livingstone, S., Bober, M., & Helsper, E. (2005). Internet literacy among children and young people: Findings from the UK children go online project. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/397/ sayfasından 4 Ocak 2015 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., Görzig, A., & Ólafsson, K. (2011) Risks and safety on the internet: the perspective of European children: full findings and policy implications from the EU Kids Online survey of 9-16 year olds and their parents in 25 countries. EU Kids Online, Deliverable D4. EU Kids Online Network, London, UK.
Lovely, S., & Smith, S. (2004). Selective abandonment: How and when to say no. Principal Leadership, 5(3), 35-38.
Macan, T. H., Shahani, C., Dipboye, R. L., & Philips, A. P. (1990). College students' time management: Correlations with academic performance and stress. Journal of Educational PSychology, 82(4), 760-768. doi:10.1037/0022-0618.104.22.1680
Mackenzie, A., & Nickerson, P. (2009). The time trap. New York: American Management Association.
Manktelow, J., & Anand, N. (2008). Make time for success: Master your workload and live your best life. Swindon: Mind Tools.
Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. (2009). İlköğretim 1, 2 ve 3. sınıflar hayat bilgisi dersi öğretim programı ve kılavuzu. Retrieved February 13, 2016, from http://ttkb.meb.gov.tr/www/ogretim-programlari/icerik/72
Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. (2015). İlkokul hayat bilgisi dersi (1, 2 ve 3. sınıflar) öğretim programı. Retrieved Retrieved February 13, 2016, from http://ttkb.meb.gov.tr/www/ogretim-programlari/icerik/72
Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. (2017). Hayat bilgisi dersi öğretim programı (İlkokul 1, 2 ve 3. sınıflar). Retrieved Retrieved September 13, 2017, from http://mufredat.meb.gov.tr/ProgramDetay.aspx?PID=144 sayfasından
O'Sullivan, S. (2004). Books to live by: Using children's literature for character education. The Reading Teacher, 57(7), 640-645.
Ögel, K., & Aksoy, A. (2007). Substance use in deliquent adolescents. Journal of Dependence, 8, 11-17.
Özkan, B. (2011). Ergenlerin cinsel eğitimine farklı bir bakış. Paper presented at the conference of Cinsellik ve Cinsel Eğitim, İstanbul.
Özyurt, B., & Dinç, G. (2006). Alcohol drinking prevalance and related factors among school aged children in Manisa. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin,, 5(2), 61-71.
Passig, D. (2004). Future-time-span as a cognitive skill in future studies. Futures Research Quarterly, 19(4), 27-47.
Pereda, N., Guilera, G., Forns, M., & Gómez-Benito, J. (2009). The prevalence of child sexual abuse in community and student samples: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(4), 328-338. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.02.007
Polat, O. (2001). Çocuk ve şiddet. İstanbul: Der.
Rind, B., Tromovitch, P., & Bauserman, R. (1998). A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin, 124(1), 22-53. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.124.1.22
Salifu, A. (2008). The impact of internet crime on development. Journal of Financial Crime, 15(4), 432-443. doi:10.1108/13590790810907254
Sanderson, C. (2010). Anne baba ve öğretmenler için çocuğun cinsel eğitimi ve tacizden korunma rehberi [The seduction of children: Empowering parents and teachers to protect children from child sexual abuse] (Z. Doğan, Trans.). İstanbul: Sistem.
Stahl, C., & Fritz, N. (2002). Internet safety: Adolescents’ self-report. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 7-10. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00369-5
Stoltenborgh, M., Ijzendoorn, M. H., Euser, E. M., & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. (2011). A global perspective on child sexual abuse: Meta-analysis of prevalence around the world. Child Maltreatment, 16(2), 79-101. doi:10.1177/1077559511403920
Szpalski, M., Gunzburg, R., & De Kleuver, M. (2003). Unethical research funding contracts: Just say no! European Spine Journal, 12(2), 107-107. doi:10.1007/ s00586-003-0551-x
Taner, H. A., Çetin, F. H., Işık, Y., & İşeri, E. (2015). Psychopathology in abused children and adolescents and related risk factors. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 16, 294-300.
Tokur Kesgin, M. (2012). Protection of children from hazards of smoking: Community health nurse and primary responsibilities. Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing Journal, 19(1), 90-96.
Tynes, B. M. (2007). Internet safety gone wild? Sacrificing the educational and psychosocial benefits of online social environments. Journal of Adolescent Research, 22(6), 575-584. doi:10.1177/0743558407303979
Ünsal, A., & Sezgin, S. (2009). Cigarette smoking status among students of primary school in erzurum. Smokıng and Health, 10, 75-81.
Valcke, M., De Wever, B., Van Keer, H., & Schellens, T. (2011). Long-term study of safe internet use of young children. Computers&Edcucation, 57, 1292-1305. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.01.010
Walker, E. R., Engelhard, G., & Thompson, N. J. (2012). Using Rasch measurement theory to assess three depression scales among adults with epilepsy. Seizure, 21(6), 437−443. doi:10.1016/j.seizure.2012.04.009
Yazıcı, H., & Şahin, M. (2006). İlköğretim öğrencilerinin sigara içen ve içmeyenleri algılama biçimleri. Marmara University Atatürk Faculty of Education Journal of Educational Sciences, (21), 213-224.
Yılmaz, F., & Ersoy, A. (2016). Class teacher candidates skill of saying no in relation to components of moral anatomy. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 16(62), 161-180. doi:10.14689/ejer.2016.62.10
Yolcu, S. (2007). Evaluation of homework web sites in terms of education. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Dokuz Eylül, İzmir.