The Use of Three-Option Multiple Choice Items for Classroom Assessment

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Erkan Hasan Atalmış


Although multiple-choice items (MCIs) are widely used for classroom assessment, designing MCIs with sufficient number of plausible distracters is very challenging for teachers. In this regard, existing empirical studies reveal that using three-option MCIs provides various advantages when compared to four-option MCIs due to less preparation and administration time. This study examines how different elimination methods to reduce four-option MCIs to three-option MCIs influences test reliability, item discrimination, and item difficulty. The research findings have revealed that they did not harm test reliability and item discrimination, except for item difficulty. Results are discussed in relation to promote quality classroom assessment.

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Atalmış, E. (2018). The Use of Three-Option Multiple Choice Items for Classroom Assessment. International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 5(2), 314-324. Retrieved from


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