Factor structure of the CES-D in an impoverished African American sample Factor structure of the CES-D

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Mitchell Porter https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8589-4880 Youn-Jeng Choi https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-2681 Sara Tomek https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0705-3087


The Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D) has been used for decades to identify symptomatology of depression in individuals. Overtime, the factor structure of the scale has been both confirmed and challenged when applied to different population samples. The present study explores the factor structure in population sample consisting of impoverished African American parents (N=1,020), and the data were collected from the Mobile Youth Study (MYS). Two-, four-, and higher-order models were used to identify the best fitting model. The results indicate that the most parsimonious model is a two-factor structure.

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How to Cite
Porter, M., Choi, Y.-J., & Tomek, S. (2019). Factor structure of the CES-D in an impoverished African American sample. International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 6(4), 592-601. Retrieved from http://ijate.net/index.php/ijate/article/view/792
Author Biographies

Mitchell Porter, Gardner-Webb University

Gardner-Webb University, 110 South Main Street, PO Box 7304, Boiling Springs, NC 28017

Youn-Jeng Choi, The University of Alabama

The University of Alabama, Carmichael Hall, Box 870231, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487

Sara Tomek, Baylor University

Baylor University, One Bear Place #97301, Waco, TX 76798


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