Antimicrobial and Antioxidant activity of Echinops emiliae (Asteraceae)

Handan Şapcı, Cem Vural, Servet Özcan

Abstract


The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of different extracts from Echinops emiliae Schwarz ex P. H. Davis. Antimicrobial activity was estimated against several common human pathogenic bacterial strains using the agar disc diffusion and minimal inhibitory concentration assays. Antioxidant activity was evaluated using the total flavanoid and total phenolic content methods. On the light of these experiments, E. emiliae would seem to be an important natural antioxidant. Antimicrobial and antioxidant of E. emiliae have not been reported up to now. The results of this study obviously reported that the antimicrobial and antifungal activity could be change with used extracts. Also, the micro dilution method was more sensitive than disk diffusion. This study is first report on the biological activity of E. emiliae as regarded endemic species from Turkey. The results show that E. emiliae could use in the treatment of some illness.


Keywords


Anti-bacterial; antifungal; Composite; phenolic content; plant extracts.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Haslam, E. (1996). Natural polyphenols (vegetable tannins) as drugs: possible modes of action. Journal of Natural Products, 59: 205-215.

Farr, B.M., Salgado, C.D., Karchmer T.B., & Sherertz R.J. (2001). Can antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections be controlled? The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 1: 38-45.

Nguefack, J., Somda, I., Mortensen, C.N., & Zollo, P.H.A. (2005). Evaluation of five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon for controlling seed-borne bacteria of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Science and Technology, 33: 397-407.

Ali-Shtayeh, M.S., Jamous, R.M., Al-Shafie, J.H., Elgharabah, W.A., Kherfan, F.A., Qarariah, K.H., Khdair, I.S., Soos, I.M., Musleh, A.A., Isa, B.A., Herzallah, H.M., Khlaif, R.B., Aiash, S.M., Swaiti, G.M., Abuzahra, M.A., Haj-Ali, M.M., Saifi, N.A., Azem, H.K., & Nasrallah, H.A. (2008). Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in Palestine (Northern West Bank): A comparative study. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 4: 139.

Nissen, N., & Evans, S. (2012). Exploring the practice and use of Western herbal medicine: Perspectives from the social science literature. J. . Herb. Med. 2: 6-15.

Rice-Evans, C.A., Miller, N.J., & Paganga, G. (1997). Antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds. Trends Plant Sci. 2: 152-159.

Hymete, A., Iversen, T.H., Rohloff, J., Erko, B. (2005). Screening of Echinops ellenbeckii and Echinops longisetus for biological activities and chemical constituents. Phytomedicine. 12: 675-679.

NCCLS (National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards) (1997). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Tests. Approved Standard, Wayne Pa NCCLS document A7.

NCCLS (National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards) (1999). Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. 9th information supplement. M100-S9. Wayne, PA. NCCLS document.

Chang, C., Yang M., Wen, H., & Chern, J. (2002). Estimation of Total Flavonoid Content in Propolis by Two Complementary Colorimetric Methods. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. 10:178-180.

Gamez-Meza, N., Noriega-Rodriguez, J.A., Medina-Juarez, L.A., Ortega-Garcia, J., Cazarez-Casanova, R., & Angulo-Guerrero O. (1999). Antioxidant Activity in Soybean Oil of Extracts From Thompson Grape Bagasse. Journal of American Oil Chemists’ Society. 76: 1445-1447.

Kim, J.S., & Kim, Y. (2007). The inhibitory effect of natural bioactives on the growth of pathogenic bacteria. Nutrition Research and Practice. 1: 273-278.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.