Comparison of essential oils of endemic Salvia dichroantha Stapf collected from Konya
In the Anatolia folk medicine, Salvia L. (Lamiaceae) species are used by many people in various villages and towns for the therapeutic value of their essential oils. Salvia dichroantha Stapf is an endemic plant of the Irano-Turanian phytogeographic region. Plant materials were collected during the flowering period from Konya Cihanbeyli (900 m) and Konya Taşkent (1800 m). In this study, water-distilled essential oil of Salvia dichroantha was analyzed. The analysis was performed by using a gas chromatography (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) systems, simultaneously. Eight compounds were identified from the oil of Taşkent representing 96.2 % of the total oil and nine compounds were identified from the oil of Cihanbeyli representing 98.3% of the total oil. The major components were found as caryophyllene oxide (38.6%), caryophyllenol I (16.7%), caryophyllenol II (15.6%) and caryophylladienol II (11.1%) for Taşkent; caryophyllene oxide (65.8%), caryophyllenol II (14.3 %) for the oil of Cihanbeyli.
. Harley, R. M., Atkins, S., Budantsey, A. L., Cantino, P. D., Conn, B. J., Grayer, R., Kok, R. de, Krestovskaja, T., Morales, R., & Paton, A. J. (2004). Labiatae. In: The families and genera of vascular plants. Edit., J.W. Kadereit, Vol. 7. pp. 167-275. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.
. Hedge, I.C. (1982). Salvia L. In: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edit., P.H. Davis, Vol. 7. pp. 400-461. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
. Kahraman, A., Doğan, M., & Celep, F. (2011). Salvia siirtica sp. nov. (Lamiaceae) from Turkey. Nordic Journal of Botany, 29, 397-401.
. Kahraman, A., Bagherpour, S., Karabacak, E., Doğan, M., Doğan, H.,M., Uysal, İ., & Celep, F. (2012). Reassessment of conservation status of Salvia L. (Lamiaceae) in Turkey II. Turkish Journal of Botany, 36, 103-124.
. Kintzios, S. E. (2000). Sage: the genus Salvia, Australia, Canada: .Harwood academic Publisher.
. Ahmadi, L., & Mirza, M. (1999). Essential oil of Salvia multicaulis Vahl. from Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 11, 289-290.
. Russo, A., Formisano, C., Rigano, D., Cardile, V., Arnold, N. A., & Senatore, F. (2016). Comparative phytochemical profile and antiproliferative activity on human melanoma cells of essential oils of three lebanese Salvia species. Industrial Crops and Products, 83, 492–499.
. Miladinovic, D., & Miladinovic, L. (2000). Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of sage from Serbia. Facta Universitatis, Series. Physics, Chemistry and Technology, 2, 97-100.
. Tepe, B., Daferara, D., Sökmen, A., Sökmen, M., & Polissiou, M. (2005). Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and various extracts of Salvia tomentosa Miller (Lamiaceae). Food Chemistry, 90, 333-340.
. Bozin, B., Mimica-Dukic, N., Samojlik, I., & Jovin, E. (2007). Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of rosemary and sage (Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Salvia officinalis L., (Lamiaceae) essential oils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, 7879-7885.
. Khalil, R., & Zheng-Guo, L. (2011). Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. collected in Syria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10, 8397-8402.
. Bisset, N. G., & Wichtl, M. (2001). Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. Boca Raton, London, New York, Washington D.C., USA: CRC Press.
. Başer, K. H. C., Özek, T. Kırımer, N. & Tümen, G. (1993). The essential oil from Salvia pomifera L., Journal of Essential Oil Research, 5, 347–348.
. Başer, K. H. C., Beis S. H., & Özek T. (1995). Composition of the essential oil of Salvia cryptantha Monbret et Aucher ex Benth. from Turkey. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 7, 113–114.
. Başer, K. H. C., Demirçakmak, B., & Ermin, N. (1996). Essential oil of Salvia syriaca. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 8, 105–106.
. Başer, K. H. C., Duman, H., Vural, M., Adıgüzel, N., & Aytaç, Z. (1997). Essential oil of Salvia aytacii M. Vural et N. Adıgüzel. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9, 489–490.
. Başer, K. H. C., Kürkcüoğlu, M., & Aytaç, Z. (1998). Composition of the essential oil of Salvia euphratica Monbret et Aucher ex Benth. var. euphratica from Turkey. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 13, 63–64.
. Demirci, B., Başer, K. H. C., & Tümen, G. (2002). Composition of the essential oil of Salvia aramiensis Rech. fil. growing in Turkey, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 17, 23-25.
. Kunduhoglu, B., Kürkcüoğlu, M., Duru, M. E., & Baser, K. H. C. (2011). Antimicrobial and anticholinesterase activities of the essential oils isolated from Salvia dicroantha Stapf., Salvia verticillata L. subsp. amasiaca (Freyn and Bornm.) Bornm. and Salvia wiedemannii Boiss. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(29), 6484-6490.
. Demirci, B., Başer, K. H. C., Yıldız, B., & Bahçecioglu, Z. (2003). Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia Species from Turkey, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 18, 116-121.
. Kürkçüoğlu, M., Başer, K. H. C., & Duman, H. (2002). Composition of essential oils from two varieties of Salvia aucheri Bentham growing in Turkey, Journal of Essential Oil Research, 14, 241-242.
. Kaya, A., Demirci, B., & Başer, K. H. C. (2003). Glandular trichomes and essential oils of Salvia glutinosa L., South African Journal of Botany, 69, 422–427.
. Kaya, A., Başer, K. H. C., & Demirci, B. (2009). Composition of essential oil of endemic Salvia wiedemannii from Turkey, Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 45, 552-553.
. Senatore, F., Fusco, R., & Feo, V. (1997). Essential oils from Salvia spp. (Lamiaceae), I. Chemical composition of the essential oils from Salvia glutinosa L. growing wild in southern Italy. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9, 151–157.
. Başer, K. H. C. (2002). Aromatic biodiversity among the flowering plant taxa of Turkey, Pure and Applied Chemistry, 74(4), 527–545.
. Kaya, A., Dinç, M., Doğu, S., & Demirci, B. (2017). Compositions of essential oils of Salvia adenophylla, Salvia pilifera, and Salvia viscosa in Turkey. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 29(3), 233–239.
. McLafferty, F.W., & Stauffer, D. B. (1989). The Wiley/NBS Registry of mass spectral data, J Wiley and Sons. New York.
. Koenig, W. A., Joulain, D., & Hochmuth, D. H. (2004). Terpenoids and related constituents of essential oils. MassFinder 3. ed. D.H. Hochmuth, Convenient and rapid analysis of GCMS. Hamburg, Germany.
. Joulain, D., & Koenig, W. A. (1998). The atlas of spectra data of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, EB-Verlag, Hamburg.
. ESO 2000. (1999). The complete database of essential oils, Boelens aroma chemical information service. The Netherlands.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.