Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer

Levent Yazıcı, Güngör Yılmaz

Abstract


The aim of this study is to determine the alkaloid and oil rates contents of some poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) varieties, such as morphine, codeine, oripavine, thebaine, noscapine and papaverine, which are planted as winter and summer. Five varieties of poppy (Zaferyolu, TMO 2, Ofis NP, Ofis 4, Anayurt) registered in different organizations were used in the research. The study was carried out in the trial field belonging to Tokat Middle Black Sea Crossing Belt Agricultural Research Institute Directorate in 2015 and 2016. Alkaloid analyzes were carried out on an HPLC device in the Bolvadin Alkaloid Plant Laboratory. The study was carried out in three replications according to randomized block trial design. As a result; Varieties of poppy the cultivated as summer, mean morphine value 0.61-1.19 %, the codeine 0.07-0.25 %, the oripavine 0.01-0.02 %, thebaine 0.02-0,11 %, noscapine, 0,04-0,49 %, papaverine , 0,03-0,18 and oil ratio values varied between 41,6-48,8 %. Varieties of poppy the cultivated as winter; mean morphine value 0.29-0.56 %, the codeine 0.04-0.09 %, the oripavine 0.0002-0.007 %, thebaine 0.01-0.06 %, noscapine, 0.009-0.93 %, papaverine , 0.00-0.06 %, and oil ratio values varied between 45.3-54.3 %. Poppy varieties cultivated as summer, according to winter sown alkaloid ratios are higher and oil ratios are lower


Keywords


: Poppy, Papaver somniferum L., alkaloid, oil, winter, summer

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Anonymous, (2016). INCB Narcotic Drugs Estimated World Requirements for 2016. United Nations Publication, New York.

. Anonymous, (2017). Turkish plants data Service, Web Site: http://www.tubives.com/ Access Date: 25.03.2017

. Anonymous, 2015. 2014 Poppy Sector Report. Turkish Grain Board General Directorate, Ankara

. Inan, S. (2013). Determination of Amount of Oil and Morphine with Some Agricultural Characteristics in Poppy (Papaver Somniferum L.), Graduate Thesis, Field Crops Department, 2013.

. Erdurmuş, A. (1989). In Poppy lines (Papaver somniferum L.) relationships with the morphine and seed yield of phonological and morphological characters. PhD Thesis, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ankara University-Ankara.

. Novak, J., & Strakova, V. (1989). Evaluation of selected poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) varieties. Rostlinna Vyroba. Vysoka Skola Zemedelska, 16521 Prague, 6- Suchdol, Czechoslovakia.

. Arslan, N., Büyükgöçmen, R., & Gümüşçü, A. (2000). Oil and Morphine Contents of Turkish Poppy Populations. Field Crops Central Research Institute Journal. (9), 1-2 2000.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.