Nutritional and Antinutritional Factors of Some Pulses Seed and Their Effects on Human Health

Main Article Content

Filiz Parça Yakup Onur Koca Aydın Ünay

Abstract

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) realizes about fifteen pulses (primary and minor) such as dry peas, black beans, chickpeas, roman bean, beans, and lentils etc. cultivated worldwide over a hundred countries. Similarly pulses especially bean, chickpea and lentil are really popular in Turkish Cuisine culture and there are many meals made with the pulses in Turkey. Thus, seed quality of the pulses is too significant for producers to be sold at higher prices. Moreover, it is also important for human health with over nutrition rates and has high levels of minerals as well as folate and other B-vitamins and diminished rate of diseases particularly resulting from obesity due to the high level of fiber and protein rates. But pulses seeds have also antinutritional factors such as some enzyme inhibitors (trypsin and chymotrypsin proteinase inhibitors), phytic acid, flatulence factors, lectins and saponins, and some different allergens. The factors cause some health problem such as mineral (Fe, Zn, Mg etc.) deficiency of human body. So, we prepared the review to show situation of some pulses in Turkey and in the world and to explain some antinutritional factors (secondary metabolites) of pulses seeds besides some nutritional characteristics.

Article Details

Section
Sending to International Journal of Secondary Metabolite