Main Article Content
Essential oil composition of Gypsophila turcica Hamzaoğlu and Gypsophila pinifolia Boiss. & Hausskn. were analyzed by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty six and fourty four compounds were identified in the essential oils of G. turcica and G. pinifolia respectively. The major components were determined hentriacontane (12.93 ± 0.4%), 1-octadecanol (8.97 ± 0.1%), hexahydrofarnesyl acetone (6.9 ± 0.09%) and pentacosane (6.63 ± 0.08%) in G. turcica oil, hexadecanoic acid (17.6 ± 0.4%), 1-tetradecanol (7.6 ± 0.1%) and phytol (5.63 ± 0.05%) in G. pinifolia oil. We have previously investigated chemical composition of G. eriocalyx, G. tuberculosis and G. laricina. Antibacterial activity of these three oils were investigated against Gram negative (Escherichia coli) and Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
 Chandra, S., & Rawat, D.S. (2015). Medicinal plants of the family Caryophyllaceae: a review of ethno-medicinal uses and pharmacological properties. Integr. Med. Res., 4, 123-131.
 Hamzaoglu, E. (2012). A new species of Gypsophila and a new name for Silene (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey. Turk. J. Biol., 36, 135-139.
 Henry, M. (1993). Gypsophila paniculata L. (Baby’s Breath): in vitro culture and the production of gypsogenin saponins. In: Bajaj YPS, editor. Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 21, 187–206.
 Hostettmann, K., Marston, A. (1995). Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Saponin. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
 Gevrenova, R., Stancheva, T., Voynikov, Y., Laurain-Mattar, D., & Henry, M. (2010). Root in vitro cultures of six Gypsophila species and their saponin contents. Enzyme. Microb. Tech., 47, 97-104.
 Yücekutlu, A.N., & Bildacı, I. (2008). Determination of Plant Saponins and Some of Gypsophila Species: A review of the literature. Hacettepe J Biol Chem., 36, 129-135.
 Shafagha, A. & Shafaghatlonbar, M. (2011). Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor from Iran. Nat Prod Commun., 6, 275-276.
 Servi, H., Keskin, B.E., Çelik, S., Budak, Ü., Kırmızıtaş, F.C., Bektaş, E.B. (2017). Essential oil composition and fatty acid profile of two endemic Gypsophila species from Turkey. Am J Essent Oil Nat Prod., 5, 16-20.
 Servi, H., Keskin, B.E., Çelik, S., Budak, Ü., Kababıyık, B. (2018). Essential Oil and Fatty Acid Composition of Endemic Gypsophila laricina Schreb. from Turkey. Turk J Pharm Sci., In press.
 Baser, K.H.C., Demirci, B., Özek, T., Akalin, E., Özhatay, N. (2002). Micro-distilled volatile compounds from Ferulago species growing in western Turkey. Pharm Biol., 40, 466-471.
 Demirci, B., Başer, K.H., Yıldız, B., Bahçecioğlu, Z. (2003). Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey. Flavour Frag J., 18, 116-121.
 Karamenderes, C., Demirci, B., Başer, K.H. (2008). Composition of Essential Oils of Ten Centaurea L. Taxa from Turkey. J Essent Oil Res., 20, 342-349.
 Moronkola, D.O., Ogunwande, I.A., Başer, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Ozek, G. (2009). Essential Oil Composition of Gmelina arborea Roxb., Verbenaceae from Nigeria. J Essent Oil Res., 21, 264-266.
 Norouzi‐Arasi, H., Yavari, I., Chalabian, F., Kiarostami, V., Ghaffarzadeh, F., Nasirian, A. (2006). Chemical constituents and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil of Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. Flavour Frag J., 21, 247-249.
 Polatoğlu, K., Demirci, B., Gören, N., Başer, K.H.C. (2011). Essential oil composition of Tanacetum kotschyi from Turkey. Chem Nat Comp., 47, 297-299.
 Polatoğlu, K., Gören, N., Karakoç, Ö.C. (2013). Phytotoxic, DPPH scavenging, insecticidal activities and essential oil composition of Achillea vermicularis, A. teretifolia and proposed chemotypes of A. biebersteinii (Asteraceae). Ind Crop Prod., 51, 35-45.
 Polatoğlu, K., Şen, A., Bulut, G., Bitiş, L., Gören, N. (2014). Essential Oil Composition of Centaurea stenolepis Kerner. from Turkey. J Essent Oil Bear Pl., 17, 1268-1278.
 Polatoğlu, K., Arsal, S., Demirci, B., Başer, K.H. (2015). DPPH Scavenging, PRAP Activities and Essential Oil Composition of Edible Lathyrus ochrus L. (Cyprus Vetch, Luvana) from Cyprus. J Oleo Sci., 64, 309-314.
 Polatoğlu, K., Karakoç, Ö.C., Yücel, Y.Y., Demirci, B., Gören, N., Başer, K.H. (2015). Composition, insecticidal activity and other biological activities of Tanacetum abrotanifolium Druce. essential oil. Ind Crop Prod., 71, 7-14.
 Sura, B.E., Demirci, B., Demir, S., Karaalp, C., Başer, K.H. (2013). Composition of the essential oils of Centaurea aphrodisea, C. polyclada, C. athoa, C. hyalolepis and C. iberica. J Essent Oil Res., 25, 79-84.
 Tabanca, N., Demirci, B., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Bedir, E., Khan, I.A., Wedge, D.E. (2006). Gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey. J Chromatogr A., 1117, 194-205.
 Tabanca, N., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C., Aytac, Z., Ekici, M., Khan, S.I., Jacob, M.R., Wedge, D.E. (2006). Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Salvia macrochlamys and Salvia recognita essential oils. J Agr Food Chem., 54, 6593-6597.
 Viegas, M.C., Bassoli, D.G. (2007). Utilização do índice de retenção linear para caracterização de compostos voláteis em café solúvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax. Quím Nova, 30, 2031-2034.
 Tastan, P., Fafal, T., Tüzün, B. S., Gönenç, T., Demirci, B. & Kivcak, B. (2017). Composition of essential oil and fatty acids of Centaurea pichleri ssp. pichleri. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, 4, 37-42.
 Tuzun, B. S., Gonenc, T., Tastan, P., Fafal, T., & Demirci, B. (2017). Essential Oil and Fatty Acid Composition of Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, 4, 58-62.
 Salleh, W.M.N.H.W., Ahmad, F., Yen, K. H. & Sirat, H.M. (2011). Chemical compositions, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils of Piper caninum Blume. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12, 7720-7731.