Pamukkale critical thinking skill scale: a validity and reliability study
Pamukkale critical thinking skill scale
Keywords:Critical thinking, cognitive domain, scale development, highlevel thinking, psychometric properties
The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool that measures critical thinking skills of university students. In this context, a number of studies were conducted on different participant groups. Pamukkale Critical Thinking Skills Scale was developed as two separate forms; multiple choice and open-ended. The validity and reliability studies of the multiple-choice form were constructed on two different theoretical frameworks as classical test theory and item-response theory. According to classical test theory, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed, to item-response theory, the Generalized Partial Credit Model (GPCM) for one-dimensional and multi-category scales was tested for the construct validity of the multiple-choice form of the scale. Analysis results supported the unidimensional structure of the scale. The reliability analyzes showed that the internal consistency coefficient of the scale and the item-total correlation values were high enough. The test-retest analysis results supported that the scale shows stability over time regarding the field it measures. The results of the item-response theory-based analysis also showed that the scale met the item-model fit assumptions. In the evaluation of the open-ended form of the scale, a rubric was used. Several studies were conducted on the validity and reliability of the open-ended form, and the results of the analysis provided psychometric support for the validity and reliability. As a result, it can be said that Pamukkale Critical Thinking Skills Scale, which was developed in two forms, is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used to measure critical thinking skills of university students. The findings were discussed in the light of the literature and some suggestions were given.
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